UN General Assembly Adopts Historic Document of Rights
Paris, Dec. 11 (CP) - The United Nations Friday might adopted the first world declaration of human rights proclaiming freedom and equality for everyone. The document was approved over Russian opposition after Russia had accused Britain, the United States and France of setting the stage for the Second World War.
The vote in the 58-country general assembly was 48 to 0 with eight abstentions. Canada voted for the declaration after Hon. L. B. Pearson, Canadian external affairs minister, told the assembly that his government had no intention of invading provincial rights in the dominion. Last-minute Russian attempts to postpone action on the human rights declaration were decisively defeated. In the final voting Saudi Arabia and South Africa joined the Russian bloc of six in abstaining. During the sharp debate leading to adoption Andrei Y. Vishinsky, Russian deputy foreign minister, charged it was the leaders of the west - no Hitler - who share the chief blame for the Second World War. The fiery Russian delegate, making a second speech which some delegates called a filibuster, said "Britain, supported by the United States, did everything in order to open the door for Hitler's attack against Russia." Mentioning Edouard Daladier of France, and the late Neville Chamberlain of Britain, by name, Vishinsky shouted that these men "speed up the military might" of Hitler and prepared German aggression toward the east. At the end Vishinsky demanded approval of a Soviet resolution pigeon-holing the human rights declaration until the next regular assembly in September 1949. The assembly turned down the Russian proposal by a vote of 45
(See UN Page 6)